According to a new study in the Journal of Organizational Behavior (May 2017), if a leader wants to ensure high performance, they need to put more of their effort in to developing positive relationships with ‘followers’ (employees).
Ryan Gottfredson and Herman Aguinis assessed 35 meta-analyses (amounting to 3,327 studies and nearly 1,000,000 individual behaviours). They looked at the four main leadership behaviours which are said to impact employee performance and commitment:
- Consideration – the extent to which a leader shows respect, support and concern for others
- Initiating structure – how a leader structures and organises roles and activities
- Contingent rewards – how a leader uses reward based on performance, i.e. ‘give and take’
- Transformational leadership – how leaders influence and inspire others to go above and beyond what’s expected
The research found that employee performance was less influenced directly by the four behaviours above and more influenced by the perception that…
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